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«Сравнительное конституционное обозрение»: научный журнал
№5 (120) 2017

Троицкая Александра Алексеевна. Междисциплинарность в сравнительном конституционно-правовом исследовании

Троицкая Александра Алексеевна – кандидат юридических наук, доцент кафедры конституционного и муниципального права юридического факультета Московского государственного университета имени М.В.Ломоносова, Москва, Россия (e-mail: stephany@mail.ru).

DOI: 10.21128/1812-7126-2017-5-57-77

Аннотация. Сравнительный метод в науке конституционного права пользуется заслуженным успехом, но одновременно ставит ряд важных методологических вопросов. Один из них связан с границами сравнительного конституционно-правового исследования, определяемыми более или менее лояльным отношением к вовлечению в исследование теоретических конструкций и исследовательских практик иных дисциплин. По крайней мере в отечественной науке по этому вопросу сохраняется достаточно широкий спектр позиций, от признания всякого подлинно научного знания междисциплинарным по своей природе и до стремления ограничиваться в рамках правовых дисциплин изучением строго правовых феноменов (между этими условными «крайностями» находятся срединные позиции, допускающие выход на междисциплинарность, но с необходимостью осторожно оценивать возникающие при этом риски). На основе сопоставления соответствующих позиций в данной статье будут представлены соображения относительно допустимости и желательности междисциплинарного подхода, а также той конкретной пользы, которую могут принести сравнительному конституционному праву социология права, история права, политология и экономический анализ права. Возможность и эффективность вовлечения дополнительных «углов зрения» будет продемонстрирована на примере обращения к различным конституционно-правовым институтам. Полученные в работе выводы могут быть актуальны для конституционного права всякого государства, взятого по отдельности, но особенно важны для сферы компаративистики, означающей работу с несколькими правовыми системами, функционирующими в отличающемся культурном (в широком смысле этого слова) контексте.

Ключевые слова: сравнительный метод; методология конституционно-правового исследования; междисциплинарный подход; история права; социология права; политология; экономический анализ права.

Библиографическое описание: Троицкая А. Междисциплинарность в сравнительном конституционно-правовом исследовании // Сравнительное конституционное обозрение. 2017. №5(120). С.57–77.


Interdisciplinary approach in comparative constitutional research

Alexandra Troitskaya - Candidate of Sciences (Ph.D.) in Law, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia (e-mail: stephany@mail.ru).

Abstract. The comparative method in the field of constitutional law enjoys deserved success. However, at the same time it raises a number of important methodological questions. One of these questions is connected to the boundaries of comparative constitutional research, as determined by a more or less careful treatment of the involvement of theoretical constructions and research practices utilized by other disciplines. At least in the Russian scientific community there is a rather wide range of positions on this issue, ranging from the recognition of all genuinely scientific knowledge as interdisciplinary in nature, to the desire to limit oneself within the framework of legal disciplines, and to the study of strictly legal phenomena. It is between these “extremes” that the middle positions can be found that allow for interdisciplinary approaches, albeit with some prudence. On the basis of a comparison of the corresponding positions found in this article, considerations will be presented regarding the admissibility and desirability of the interdisciplinary approach in general, as well as the specific benefits that various disciplines, including the sociology of law, history of law, political science, and the economic analysis of law, can bring to comparative constitutional law in particular. The possibility and effectiveness of involving additional “visual angles” will be demonstrated using examples from various constitutional institutions. The conclusions reached in this article can be relevant to the constitutional law of any state taken separately, but are especially important for the field of comparative law, which involves working with several legal systems operating in different cultural contexts.

Keywords: comparative method; methodology of constitutional research; interdisciplinary approach; history of law; sociology of law; political science; economic analysis of law.

Citation: Troitskaya A. (2017) Mezhdistsiplinarnost' v sravnitel'nom konstitutsionno-pravovom issledovanii [Interdisciplinary approach in comparative constitutional research]. Sravnitel'noe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, no.5, pp.57–77. (In Russian).

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