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«Сравнительное конституционное обозрение»: научный журнал
№5 (120) 2017

Джагарян Армен Арменович, Джагарян Наталья Владимировна. Функционально-правовые ориентиры местного самоуправления: теоретический аспект

Джагарян Армен Арменович – доктор юридических наук, советник судьи Конституционного Суда Российской Федерации, Санкт-Петербург, Россия (e-mail: schtiller@yandex.ru).

Джагарян Наталья Владимировна – доктор юридических наук, доцент кафедры муниципального права и природоохранного законодательства Южного федерального университета, Ростов-на-Дону, Россия (e-mail: ndjagaryan@yandex.ru).

DOI: 10.21128/1812-7126-2017-5-94-115

Аннотация. Компетенционная определённость местного самоуправления – один из важных факторов его развития и одновременно условие эффективного функционирования всей системы публичной власти. Сложившаяся модель разграничения полномочий носит, однако, противоречивый характер, не в полной мере учитывает специфику местного самоуправления, что объясняется как проблемами идентификации местного самоуправления в системе российской государственности, так и наличием неопределённости, рассогласованности (на доктринальном, нормативном, правоприменительном уровнях) в понимании собственно компетенции местного самоуправления, её основных характеристик. При этом доминирующими являются во многом инерционные представления о компетенции местного самоуправления с узких позиций властноцентрического подхода, сводящего её к функционально-структурным моментам, реализации управленческих задач. В статье обосновывается авторский взгляд на компетенцию местного самоуправления, которая отражает, наряду с публично-властными, прежде всего личностные начала муниципальной демократии, характеризует территориальную свободу и самоорганизацию жителей. Полагая неконструктивным редуцирование сущностных характеристик местного самоуправления к децентрализации власти, авторы обосновывают право на компетенцию как исходную субъективно-личностную основу функционального содержания муниципальной демократии. В связи с этим намечаются ориентиры совершенствования правового регулирования муниципальной компетенции.

Ключевые слова: местное самоуправление; компетенция; вопросы местного значения; централизация и децентрализация; полицентризм; персоноцентризм; право на компетенцию.

Библиографическое описание: Джагарян А., Джагарян Н. Функционально-правовые ориентиры местного самоуправления: теоретический аспект // Сравнительное конституционное обозрение. №5(120). 2017. С.94–115.


Functional and legal milestones for local governance: theoretical aspects

Armen Dzhagaryan - Doctor of Sciences in Law, advisor to Judge, Russian Constitutional Court, Saint Petersburg, Russia (e-mail: schtiller@yandex.ru).

Natalia Dzhagaryan - Doctor of Sciences in Law, Associate Professor, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia (e-mail: ndjagaryan@yandex.ru).

Abstract. The competency determinacy of local governance is an important factor of the development of local governance and simultaneously is a condition of effective functioning for the entire system of public authority. However, the current model of demarcation of authority carries a contradictory nature: It does not fully consider the specifics of local governance, which is explained both by problems of identifying legal governance in Russia’s state system and by the presence of indeterminacy and misalignment (on doctrinal, normative, and law-enforcement levels) in understanding the competencies of local governments and main characteristics. Moreover, inert understandings of the competency of local governments from the narrow positions of an authority-centric approach that lead competency to functional-structural moments dominate in realizing managerial tasks. This article substantiates the authors’ view on the competency of local governance, which reflects the personalized beginnings of municipal democracy and characterizes the territorial freedom and self-organization of residents. Considering as not constructive the reduction of material characteristics of local governance to decentralized power, the authors substantiate the right to competency as the original subjective and personalized foundation for the functional maintenance of municipal democracy. In connection with this, some milestones for perfecting the legal regulation of municipal competencies are noted.

Keywords: local governance; competency; questions of local significance; centralization and decentralization; polycentrism; person-centric; right to competency.

Citation: Dzhagaryan A., Dzhagaryan N. (2017) Funktsional’no-pravovye orientiry mestnogo samoupravleniya: teoreticheskiy aspect [Functional and legal milestones for local governance: theoretical aspects]. Sravnitel'noe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, no.5, pp.94–115. (In Russian).

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